By Vigdis Hocken and Aparna Kher. The June solstice is the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere. Position of Earth in relation to the Sun during the June solstice not to scale. The date varies between June 20 and June 22depending on the year, and the local time zone. A solstice happens when the sun's zenith is at its furthest point from the equator. It's also known as the northern solstice because it occurs when the sun is directly over the Tropic of Cancer in the Northern Hemisphere.

The point on the horizon where the sun appears to rise and set, stops and reverses direction after this day. On the solstice, the sun does not rise precisely in the east, but rises to the north of east and sets to the north of west, meaning it's visible in the sky for a longer period of time.

Although the June solstice marks the first day of astronomical summer, it's more common to use meteorological definitions of seasonsmaking the solstice midsummer or midwinter. Over the centuries, the June solstice has inspired countless festivals, midsummer celebrations and religious holidays. One of the world's oldest evidence of the summer solstice's importance in culture is Stonehenge in England, a megalithic structure which clearly marks the moment of the June solstice.

In the Southern Hemisphere, where the June solstice is known as the shortest day of the year, it marks the first day of astronomical winter, but the middle of winter in meteorological terms. On the June solstice, the midnight sun is visible weather permitting throughout the night, in all areas from just south of the Arctic Circle to the North Pole.

On the other side of the planet, south of the Antarctic Circle there's Polar Night, meaning no Sunlight at all, on the June solstice. Even though most people consider June 21 as the date of the June solstice, it can happen anytime between June 20 and June 22, depending on which time zone you're in.

June 22 solstices are rare - the last June 22 solstice in UTC time took place in and there won't be another one until The varying dates of the solstice are mainly due to the calendar system — most western countries use the Gregorian calendar which has days in a normal year and days in a Leap Year.

Summer/Winter Solstice 2020

A tropical year is the time it takes the Earth to orbit once around the Sun. It is around After the June solstice, the sun follows a lower and lower path through the sky each day in the Northern Hemisphere until it reaches the point where the length of daylight is about 12 hours and eight to nine minutes in areas that are about 30 degrees north or south of the equator.

Areas 60 degrees north or south of the equator have daylight for about 12 hours and 16 minutes. Earth does not move at a constant speed in its elliptical orbit. The consolation in the Northern Hemisphere is that spring and summer last longer than autumn and winter. Menu timeanddate.

winter and summer solstice

Tweet Follow. Facebook Twitter. Midnight Sun or Polar Night? Solstice Dates Vary Even though most people consider June 21 as the date of the June solstice, it can happen anytime between June 20 and June 22, depending on which time zone you're in.When do all of the four seasons—spring, summer, fall, and winter—start and end?

Each season has both an astronomical start and a meteorological start. The astronomical start date is based on the position of the Sun in relation to the Earth, while the meteorological start date is based on the month calendar and the annual temperature cycle. Note: The dates above correspond to the start of the listed seasons in the Northern Hemisphere. Times are based on Eastern time ET.

In January, we reach the point in our orbit nearest to the Sun called perihelionand in July, we reach the farthest point aphelion. Read more about perihelion and aphelion. For those of us in the Northern Hemisphere, this results in a shorter fall and winter, since we are moving faster through space during that time of the year.

What defines each season? Below is a brief explanation of the four seasons in order of calendar year. On the vernal equinoxday and night are each approximately 12 hours long with the actual time of equal day and night, in the Northern Hemisphere, occurring a few days before the vernal equinox. The Sun crosses the celestial equator going northward; it rises exactly due east and sets exactly due west. See our First Day of Spring page.

On the summer solsticewe enjoy the most daylight of the calendar year. The Sun reaches its most northern point in the sky in the Northern Hemisphere at local noon. See our First Day of Summer page. On the autumnal equinoxday and night are each about 12 hours long with the actual time of equal day and night, in the Northern Hemisphere, occurring a few days after the autumnal equinox.

winter and summer solstice

The Sun crosses the celestial equator going southward; it rises exactly due east and sets exactly due west. See our First Day of Fall page. The Sun reaches its most southern point in the sky in the Northern Hemisphere at local noon.

winter and summer solstice

See our First Day of Winter page. But when it comes to winter it sure finds a way to where out its welcome. Being originally from southern New Brunswick, Canada I was brought into this world in late Autumn and my siblings are all 1st. Farm territory, hunting, fishing, trapping and lumbering!

Spent a heck of alot of time on my Grandparents farm which was in my mum's family since approx. My grandfather being a Spencer! Oh, why? Well it's truly the survival season and a lot around the farm reflects all year what one has to do to prepare for it! It has a super blessing of bringing the coldest of cold and this wipes the earth clean of all it's tesitude of diseases and for this one miracle alone I cherish winter!

Have a super winter, hot chocolate, warm cider and a wee dram of what ale's the spirit!A solstice is an event occurring when the Sun appears to reach its most northerly or southerly excursion relative to the celestial equator on the celestial sphere. Two solstices occur annually, around June 21 and December In many countries, the seasons of the year are determined by reference to the solstices and the equinoxes.

The term solstice can also be used in a broader sense, as the day when this occurs. The day of a solstice in either hemisphere has either the most sunlight of the year summer solstice or the least sunlight of the year winter solstice for any place other than the Equator. Alternative terms, with no ambiguity as to which hemisphere is the context, are " June solstice " and " December solstice ", referring to the months in which they take place every year.

The word solstice is derived from the Latin sol "sun" and sistere "to stand still"because at the solstices, the Sun's declination appears to "stand still"; that is, the seasonal movement of the Sun's daily path as seen from Earth pauses at a northern or southern limit before reversing direction.

For an observer on the North Polethe Sun reaches the highest position in the sky once a year in June. The day this occurs is called the June solstice day. Similarly, for an observer on the South Polethe Sun reaches the highest position on the December solstice day. When it is the summer solstice at one Pole, it is the winter solstice on the other.

The Sun's westerly motion never ceases as Earth is continually in rotation. However, the Sun's motion in declination comes to a stop at the moment of solstice. In that sense, solstice means "sun-standing".

This modern scientific word descends from a Latin scientific word in use in the late Roman Republic of the 1st century BC: solstitium. Pliny uses it a number of times in his Natural History with a similar meaning that it has today. It contains two Latin-language morphemes, sol"sun", and -stitium"stoppage". Relative velocity is the motion of an object from the point of view of an observer in a frame of reference.

From a fixed position on the ground, the Sun appears to orbit around Earth. To an observer in an inertial frame of referenceplanet Earth is seen to rotate about an axis and revolve around the Sun in an elliptical path with the Sun at one focus.Astronomical Information.

The summer solstice occurs once a year in December when the Sun's track across the Australian sky reaches its highest point. It is the day that has the most daylight hours of any in the year. The summer solstice usually occurs on 22 December, but can occur between 21 and 23 December.

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The winter solstice is the day of the year that has the least daylight hours of any in the year and usually occurs on 22 June but can occur between 21 and 23 June. An interesting idiosyncrasy relating to the summer solstice is that it does not feature the day with the earliest sunrise and latest sunset as is commonly expected. Similarly, on the winter solstice, the sunrise is not the latest and the sunset is not the earliest.

However, this day does have the least amount of daylight hours.

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Because the path of the Earth around the Sun is an ellipse, not a circle, and because the Earth is off-centre on its axis, these combined phenomena can create up to several minutes difference between solar and mean time. Around the date of summer solstice, these effects make the Sun appear to move slightly slower than expected when measured by a watch or clock. As a result, the earliest sunrise occurs before the date of the summer solstice, and the latest sunset happens after the summer solstice.

For the same reasons, around the winter solstice, the time of sunrise continues to get later in the days after the solstice. Summer and Winter Solstice The summer solstice occurs once a year in December when the Sun's track across the Australian sky reaches its highest point. Sunrise, sunset and daylight hours An interesting idiosyncrasy relating to the summer solstice is that it does not feature the day with the earliest sunrise and latest sunset as is commonly expected.Thanks for e-mailing Information Please.

The days of the year with the most and fewest daylight hours are called the solstices.

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The summer solstice, which happens on June 21 or 22 each year, has the longest daylight time. It's also the first day of summer. The winter solstice, on December 21 or 22, has the shortest daylight time, and officially kicks off winter. This is only true in the Northern Hemisphere, though. South of the Equator, the dates and the seasons are reversed: the summer solstice still the longest day of the year falls on December 21 or 22, and the winter solstice is on June 21 or So when it's summer in North America, for example, it's winter in South America and vice versa.

More information on the solstices is available in our encyclopedia. You can also find an article on the seasons in our almanac. Updated February 28, Infoplease Staff. The Question: I am looking for the longest and shortest days of the year. Can you please help me? The Answer: Thanks for e-mailing Information Please. See also:.In the USA and some other areas of the Northern Hemisphere, the winter solstice is celebrated on the first day of winter.

The summer solstice occurs twice a year, once in June in the northern hemisphere and once in December in the southern hemisphere. In the Northern Hemisphere, the summer solstice is the longest day of the year. The date falls on June Although the summer solstice occurs at the same time around the world, the date and local time differ in different places depending on the year and time zone.

Countries that are ahead of UTC farther east may fall the next day, and for countries that are behind UTC farther westit may be a day earlier. On this day, more often than usual, people look at the sky, scientific conferences are organized.

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There are no special traditions regarding the celebration. Educational institutions, restaurants, banks and private enterprises are operating normally. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

The Seasons, the Equinox, and the Solstices

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Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Follow us in social networks! Martin Luther King Day Read Across America Day You know them as the first days of winter and summer. Others refer to them as the shortest and longest days of the year. So, what makes these days — the solstices — special? To understand, you'll need a little background about the Sun and the Earth. In the summer, days feel longer because the Sun rises earlier in the morning and sets later at night.

When the North Pole of the Earth is tilted toward the Sun, we in the northern hemisphere receive more sunlight and it's summer. As the Earth moves in its orbit, the tilt of the North Pole changes see diagram.

When it is tilted away from the Sun, it is winter in the northern hemisphere.

Summer and Winter Solstice Part 1: Shamans Cave

In between we have autumn and spring. The day that the Earth's North Pole is tilted closest to the sun is called the summer solstice.

This is the longest day most daylight hours of the year for people living in the northern hemisphere. It is also the day that the Sun reaches its highest point in the sky. The winter solstice, or the shortest day of the year, happens when the Earth's North Pole is tilted farthest from the Sun.

In between, there are two times when the tilt of the Earth is zero, meaning that the tilt is neither away from the Sun nor toward the Sun. These are the vernal equinox — the first day of spring — and the autumnal equinox — the first day of fall. Equinox means "equal.

Both are 12 hours long. Check out the chart below to see how the solstice works.

June Solstice: Longest and Shortest Day of the Year

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The Summer and Winter Solstices

Save Create a List. Create a list. Save Back. The Teacher Store Cart. Checkout Now. The Summer and Winter Solstices. Grades 3—56—89— View not found. Download the PDF from here. Related Subjects. Planets Seasons Sun. Appears in This Collection. Grade s PreK